For those unfamiliar with the term, FOREX (FOReign EXchange market), refers to an international exchange market where currencies are bought and sold. The Foreign Exchange Market that we see today began in the 1970's, when free exchange rates and floating currencies were introduced. In such an environment only participants in the market determine the price of one currency against another, based upon supply and demand for that currency. Foreign exchange is traded in an over-the-counter market where brokers/dealers negotiate directly with one another, so there is no central exchange or clearing house The biggest geographic trading center is the United Kingdom, primarily London. According to TheCityUK , it is estimated that London increased its share of global turnover in traditional transactions from 34.6% in April 2007 to 36.7% in April 2010. Due to London's dominance in the market, a particular currency's quoted price is usually the London market price. For instance, when the International Monetary Fund calculates the value of its special drawing rights every day, they use the London market prices at noon that day.
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A single pound on Monday could get you 1.19 euros. On Tuesday, 1.20 euros. This tiny change may not seem like a big deal. But think of it on a bigger scale. A large international company may need to pay overseas employees. Imagine what that could do to the bottom line if, like in the example above, simply exchanging one currency for another costs you more depending on when you do it? These few pennies add up quickly. In both cases, you�as a traveler or a business owner�may want to hold your money until the forex exchange rate is more favorable.
Range trading the more volatile pairs is also possible, and in fact you will often find ranges that extend to 50 pips or more. However, because of the volatility of these pairs, price movement can work against you just as easily as it can work in your favor and many a Range trader has found themselves suddenly at -40 pips or more on what they were hoping would be a quick 20 pip gain.
The euro/U.S. dollar (EUR/USD) currency pair looks set to close higher for the fourth consecutive week. That sounds impressive. But to put things into perspective, it has been trading inside a narrow range between 1.05 and 1.08 for much of this year. The 300 or so pip range is nothing to get excited over. But then this is the EUR/USD we are talking about. It hasn't exactly moved much since early 2015. Nevertheless, there's no doubt about which group of market participants have been in control this month, and, in fact, quarter.